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Government Museum in Mathura


Delhi agra mathura vrindavan tour by car has a great variety to offer you. As the name tells you, it will take you to Delhi, Agra, Mathura, and Vrindavan. All four cities are highly renowned in North India. Delhi is the capital of India with the dominance of Punjabi culture in the present and Mughal culture in the ancient past. Agra is a city in Uttar Pradesh with Mughal forts and their cuisines still dominant in Agra. Mathura and Vrindavan are superb pilgrimage sites. There are hundreds of temples here. There is a beautiful Government museum also in Mathura apart from the temples. Let us know more about.

Government Museum in Mathura

The Government Museum of Mathura is also called a Mathura museum. It is an archaeological museum in Mathura. An archaeological Museum is a Museum that has a special display of Archaeological artifacts. There are other categories of museums also, for example, Art Museum, biographical museum, automobile museum, design museum, encyclopedic museum, ethnographic museum, historic house museum, history museum, living museum, Maritime Museum, medical museum, Memorial Museum, war museum, natural history museum, etc.

Foundation of the Government Museum

Mathura Museum was founded by one of the collectors of the Mathura district. His name was Sir F. S. Growse in the year 1874. When it was established, it was named as the Curzon Museum of archaeology. Eventually, the name changed to Government Museum, Mathura or Mathura museum.

The Things Kept in the Museum

There are artifacts, pottery, paintings, sculptures and coins which were found in Mathura and from the places which are situated around Mathura. There are some articles which were discovered by the colonial archaeologists like Alexander Cunningham, F. S. Growse and Fuhrer.

The Reason Why Mathura Museum is Famous

The most important reasons why the Mathura Museum is famous is the ancient sculptures from the third century BC to the 12th century AD. Those sculptures are of Mathura School. Mathura school is related to Greco Buddhist art which represents the period between classical Greek culture and Buddhism. It was in Survival for around 1000 years in Central Asia. The ancient sculptures, which are present in the Mathura Museum, are from the Kushan Empire and Gupta Empire.

The Collection in Mathura Museum

On same day agra tour by train, when we went to Mathura museum, we noticed archaic mother goddess from 4th century BCE. There was a 3000 year old anthropomorphic copper figure which was found at Shahabad in Uttar Pradesh. There was a Jain Tirthankar ahead from second century BCE. There was neither Maesha Jain God of childbirth, which belonged to the Shunga Empire from 2nd century BCE. There was Jain Chaumukh sculpture with super 18 and 3 other Tirthankaras from the 1st century, etc. There was head of Buddha from 5th century CE, Chamunda mound from Mathura district, Jain Chaumukh sculpture from 6 century, Rishabhnath Idol from 6 century, Parshvanath from post Gupta period of 6th to 8th century CE, the idol of goddess Ambika from medieval period, four armed seated Vishnu in meditation from the Medieval period from Pannapur, Anjali with child Hanuman in bronze medal from Pallav period, Anjali was the mother of Lord Hanuman, Naminath from 12 century, the idol of goddess Ambika from Orissa from 12 century, Bodhisattva Manjushri Statue from 15th to 16th century, Buddha with Vajra made in bronze from 18th century, the idol of Balram from 18th century, the idol of baby Krishna with ball made in bronze from modern age, cast and mold of prehistory and Terracotta gallery, the Statue of Victoria of Empress of India, etc.

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